December 11, 2023


Costing Accounting Everyday

Contract Assets and Liabilities ASC Topic 606 for the Construction

The Money Accounting Criteria Board (FASB) Accounting Expectations Codification (ASC) Matter 606, Income from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606) has brought with it new qualitative and quantitative disclosure specifications for entities issuing financial statements in numerous industries, including building. ASC 606 impacts the two community and non-public entities, and it incorporates extra disclosure prerequisites for equally, however the disclosures for general public entities are additional robust.

Contract Belongings and Liabilities

One particular of the most significant impacts ASC 606 has introduced to contractors is the re-definition of agreement assets and liabilities and their presentation and disclosure within the economic statements and footnotes.

Beneath ASC 606, agreement assets and liabilities are amassed and offered on a net foundation from the specific deal stage. ASC 606 states that a deal asset occurs as an entity’s proper to consideration in trade for items or services that the entity has transferred to a shopper when that correct is conditioned on a thing other than the passage of time. Contract belongings consist of:

  • Fees and estimated earnings in extra of billings on uncompleted contracts (i.e. unbilled receivables)
  • Retainage receivables
  • Uninstalled materials

Deal liabilities depict an entity’s obligation to transfer products or providers to a purchaser. Examples contain:

  • Billings in excessive of charges and earnings (i.e. deferred or unearned revenue), net of conditional retainage receivable
  • Retainage payables

Retainage Classification: Receivable/Payable vs Contract Asset/Legal responsibility

In the spot of retainage, ASC 606 differs from legacy usually acknowledged accounting principles (GAAP). Under legacy GAAP, retainage receivables were being introduced and disclosed with agreement receivables and retainage payables were offered and disclosed with contract payables. ASC 606 defines a receivable as an entity’s ideal to consideration that is unconditional, albeit, only the passage of time is essential prior to payment of that thought is due.

In the development sector, retention provisions in development contracts are a common sort of protection the place the client withholds a part of the thought billed by the contractor as the contractor completes their perform correctly and in accordance with the agreement phrases and requirements. Frequently, payment of retainage is issue to the completion of long run obligations beneath the agreement, this kind of as meeting particular milestones. This is recognized as conditional retainage. Watchful evaluation of the suitable classification of retainage is critical to the correct accounting remedy, presentation, and disclosure of these products.

Conditional retainage need to be bundled in the contract asset (or contract liability) and identified at the unique agreement amount. At each and every reporting date, issuers accumulate their contract belongings and liabilities beneath their equilibrium sheet accounts, separating and presenting involving current and noncurrent amounts as for each the entity’s accounting procedures and functioning cycle.

Making use of these new definitions and classifications beneath ASC 606 needs reporting companies to revise their footnote disclosures to the fiscal statements in the next parts:

  • Significant accounting policies footnote (revisions to re-definition of agreement receivables, deal property and deal liabilities)
  • Agreement assets and liabilities disclosure
  • Supplemental timetable of agreement information improvements

All development contractors should disclose and existing separately on the facial area of the equilibrium sheet the opening and closing balances of agreement receivables, payables, deal property, and agreement liabilities. There is some versatility with how to existing and disclose inside the money statement footnotes the deal receivables, payables, agreement belongings, contract liabilities and supplemental facts in accordance with ASC 606.

The next illustrations supplied are options to contemplate in delivering the ideal info for money assertion consumers in the construction business.

Being familiar with the Impacts of Right Classification

Classification of deal assets, liabilities and retainage may perhaps influence general performance metrics, financial debt covenants, borrowing base determinations, or fiscal ratios incorporated in the company’s economical devices. Examining these kinds of fiscal instruments is vital to establish how the classification of these affect the company’s potential to meet up with is fiscal covenants. It is crucial for fiscal statement end users to comprehend the distinction in classification of retainage provided in deal receivables as opposed to their inclusion in contract assets.